A stroke occurs when a clot obstructs the blood flow to part of the brain which can result in the death of brain tissue. This will cause lasting effects like motor skill deficiencies, speech disability and cognitive impairment. It is a very scary medical emergency that none of us want to ever experience or see a loved one go through.
However, if it does occur there can be some hope. The human body is quite fascinating. When a stroke occurs and the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off, over time there are new blood vessels called collaterals that take over the blood supply to these areas. Therefore, there is hope of rehabilitating the patient back to normality or near normality. Patients must always be given hope with this information.
Control Risk Factors
A stroke usually is precipitated by certain risk factors. Conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, high cholesterol and others can increase the risk of developing a stroke. It is very important that we manage these risk factors to prevent the occurrence of another stroke that will further deteriorate the condition of the patient.
This is done both by drugs and lifestyle changes which include a proper healthy diet. Furthermore, smoking, high stress and heavy alcohol intake also increase the risk of a stroke. These too must be completely cut off from your lifestyle to make an effective and efficient recovery.
One of the main features of a stroke is paralysis or weakness of single or multiple limbs. Weakness in turn will lead to disuse of the limb and that will lead to atrophy of muscles worsening the restricted mobility. Therefore it is important to relearn the motor skills that have been lost. Physical therapy at rehabilitation centres in AU and NZ can help you achieve this.
The use of aids for mobility such as wheel chairs, walkers, crutches and others should be done gradually and consistently. It is important that all muscle groups are exercised properly to release the spasticity that develops with a stroke.
According to the degree of disability, patient might need one or more of other therapies like occupational therapy, speech therapy, nutrition and psychological treatment. Occupational therapy helps to recover cognitive skills that have been lost. These could be as simple as wearing clothes on their own, eating on their own or more complex matters like problem solving, memory recollection and others. Speech therapy helps to both understand, learn and execute proper communication skills that have been lost as a result of the stroke.
Nutrition therapy helps to not only ensure the patient is given a proper balanced nutritious diet to make a good recovery but also assess swallowing which would have been lost as a result of the stroke. These patients also tend to get depressed as a result of their loss independence and sudden deterioration in their quality of life. These problems should be addressed with psychological counselling and treatment is indicated.
In order to make a good recovery from stroke, the patient’s risk factors must be controlled and undergo regular physical therapy and other therapies as indicated.